Botanical: Citrus Bergamia
Country of origin / distribution Italy, Ivory Coast
Part used Fruit rind
Chakra Heart , but can be used on any Chakra esp where there is heat, disturbance or agitation.
Energy: Heating, Drying.
Aroma /Characteristics: A fresh Orange/Lemon slightly floral fragrance, a key ingredient in Eau de Cologne.
Dosha effect: VK- P+
Description: Pale yellow inedible fruit of the bergamia tree.
History/ Herbal: It is said that Christopher Columbus introduced Bergamot to the Italians after picking up a cargo of plants in the Canary Islands. Bergamot is used in Voodoo to protect a person from misfortune and physical danger. Bergamot has a long tradition of being used to create prosperity, which it does by helping a person clarifying objectives.
Extraction: Cold pressing – Expression
Chemical Const: linalyl acetate(up to 40%), terpine (up to 40%), bergaptene (photosensitive), bergamotine (fumocumarin), limettine, limonene, and linalol, nerol
Properties: Analgesic, anti-infectious, anti-depressant, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, carminative, cicatrisiant, cordial, deodorant, febrifuge, insecticide, laxative, rubefacient, sedative, tonic.
Safety/ contraindications Unrectified bergamot is phototoxic, and may cause berloque dermatitis. Bergamot FCF has the furocoumarines removed, making this safe to use in the sun. Fourocoumarine are a chemical found in some oils primarily cold pressed oils, the chemical Bergaptene – which is a coumarin, is responsible for making this oil photosensitising / phototoxic ( increases the skin’s sensitivity to ultraviolet light, causing accelerated burning and skin damage). The removal – rectification does not appear to diminish the therapeutic properties of Bergamot just slightly alters the aroma.
Cardiovascular: Haemorrhoids, Varicose veins.
Digestive; Bad breath, Colitis, Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Gastroenteritis, Indigestion.
Genito – urinary Antiseptic, Cystitis, Leucorrhoea, Thrush, Tonic effect on uterus, Urinary infections.
Immune: Colds, Chicken pox, Flu, Infections, Cold sores, Shingles.
Respiratory: Sore throat, Tonsillitis,
Skin: Acne, Boils, Cold sores, Eczema, Fungal infections, haemorrhoids, Herpes, Lice, oily, Perspiration, Psoriasis, Shingles, seborrhoea, Ulcers, Wounds.
Uses: Mind: Bergamot is very helpful in motivating change and aiding a person in riding themselves of negative thoughts, relieving them of grief and fear. Bergamot can help a person gain emotional control by helping them and open up and let go.
Nervous: Anxiety, Depression. Prof. Rovesti conducted research in a Psychiatric Hospitals in Italy and found Bergamot to ” relieve fear and calm anxiety.” Rovesti also recommended Bergamot for those giving up Smoking.
Other: Earl grey tea is China tea mixed with bergamot leaves, you can make your own, see recipe below. Bergamot is an appetite regulator and is good to use for convalescing, it has also been used for people with anorexia. It is a very soothing oil highly recommended for frazzled nerves, Bergamot is the main constituent of a very popular brand of sun tanning lotion available in Europe called “Bergasol” if you do not wish to use the FCF variety of Bergamot take care when going into the sun and only use on areas of the body that will not be exposed to the sun. Spray on plants to keep animals away. Used to flavour confectionery and tobacco.