Here is a brief overview of some of the more common skin problems.
Oily Shine Soon After Washing
It is very normal for skin to become more oily as the day goes on. Since there are more oil glands across the forehead, on the nose and chin (the T-Zone) than there are on the rest of the face, these areas tend to get more oily. If you over dry the surface of your skin (using soap or a harsh cleanser are the usual reasons for this) the oil glands, in an attempt to compensate, over-produce. This results in oily shine soon after washing with the problem being more noticeable in the T-Zone. To reduce and eliminate this problem, the proper cleanser and toner for your skin type is critical. Also, even if your skin is oily, be sure and use a Moisturiser. Essential oils of niaouli, tea tree, rosemary, myrtle ,bergamot fcf, geranium bourbon, juniper berry and cypress are excellent additions to cleansers and toners for this.

Persistent Chin Area/Jawline/Neck Area Breakouts
The major causes of chin area / jawline and neck breakouts is touching your face with your hands (which usually happens unconsciously or when you sleep) and spending time on the telephone. The phone can become very dirty be sure and clean all the phones you use on a regular basis using essential oils in water (lemon, basil, thyme, are good choices). Both these problems cause germs and dirt to be transferred to the area and breakouts can be the result. You should use a scrub or clay mask twice a week to keep the dead surface cells off your skin. This, in addition to making your complexion appear clearer and more evenly toned, will also help prevent breakouts and blackheads that can occur if dead surface cells are allowed to clog pores. Essential oils of tea tree, niaouli, myrtle, eucalyptus radiata, rosemary & ho wood are recommended for skin care products.

Persistent T-zone Breakouts
Persistent T-zone breakouts are not at all uncommon. These blemishes tend to be caused by oily build-up (even if you have dry skin) because there are more oil glands in this area. Cleansing and toning morning and night will help reduce this problem. If you do get blemishes, which can also be caused by stress and hormonal changes, spot treat them carefully using essential oils of either tea tree, lavender, or bergamot fcf. Apply a drop of the essential oil at night using a cotton bud to spot treat just the blemish. If you treat the surrounding area may become overly dry.
Dry Flaky Area Between Eyebrows
In spite of the fact that you experience dryness and flakiness in spots, when they occur between the eyebrows (or in the T-zone), they are generally a sign of oily build up. This can be eliminated by the regular use of the Clay mask green is the most drawing and is ideal for oily / teenage skin and persistent break outs. Yellow is suited to less oily skin, but is also very drawing. Red is suited to more mature skin and is great to use under the eyes for dark shadows and puffiness. Pink and white are the gentlest and are ideal for sensitive skin. See above for preparation method Essential oils of helichrysum, neroli, fragonia, lavender are suitable.

Persistent Cheek Area Breakouts
Generally breakouts on the cheeks, particularly along the cheek bones are signs of irritation rather than oily build up. This often occurs from using products that are too harsh (AHA’s are notorious for causing this problem). Using soap on your face can be one cause, and often foaming cleansers can cause irritation if your skin tends to be sensitive. Adjusting your cleanser/toner combination can often resolve this problem. Many people with oily skin experience this problem when they over treat their skin (they’ll also have very oily shine in the T-zone). Frequently the breakouts are small blemishes that don’t come to a head and don’t seem to go away for a long time. If these blemishes are irritated (picked at or squeezed) they can leave a scar or red marks. If you are a non reformed picker , ensure that you apply a drop of lavender / Helichrysum immediately after picking to prevent scarring and/ or worse infections. French green clay should be used as a face mask with 1 – 2 drops of one of the following oils can be added to this tea tree, geranium bourbon, lavender, ho wood, myrtle. Simply add a little distilled or rosewater to 1 tablespoon of the clay to form a paste add the oils if desired and apply to either the breakout or the whole face a leave to dry. For a deeper impact keep the clay damp by spritzing the face with rosewater or distilled water which has 2 – 3 drops of oil added. Clay is active whilst damp. If there is any clay left over cover and simply add more water to reactivate as needed. Do not store damp clay in plastic or use plastic utensils to stir it, clay is highly absorbent and is likely to absorb all the nasty synthetic chemicals found in plastic. Ceramic, glass and stainless steel are all suitable storage vessels for active clay.

Coarse Textured/Bumpy Skin
Uneven, coarse, bumpy and grainy skin textures can be directly attributed to lack of proper skin care. Your skin should be smooth and soft. Drinking 8 glasses of water a day is important. This keeps your skin properly hydrated from the inside. Since the skin cells are primarily composed of water, staying properly hydrated will keep your skin in it’s best natural condition. It actually shows up in elasticity and resilience. Using a cleanser/toner to cleanse rather than soap will gently dissolve surface dirt from your skin without over drying your skin. Everyone, even if your skin is VERY oily, should use a moisturiser. Moisturisers hydrate your skin. Stimulating essential oils of rosemary, lemon*, thyme^, carrot seed.
*steam distilled if using in a saty on skin product as photosensitising
^ in small quantities as can be irritating

The correct moisturiser will protect your skin from surface pollutants and help keep your skin fresh looking. If you wear make-up, it will also improve the look and wear of your make-up. Regular use of a clay masks, which further balances your skin and a scrub, which removes dead skin cells from the surface (which can build up and cause flaky patches, coarse spots and dullness) is also an important part of the skincare routine. Green clay is the most appropriate for this type of skin problem.

Blackheads are simply clogged pores. This generally occurs when you over dry the surface of the skin by using too strong or harsh a cleanser and /or too rich a moisturiser for your skin type. The best way to prevent blackheads is to use products that are properly formulated for your skin type. Regular use of a clay mask and scrub will also help prevent (and remove) blackheads. Also, do be sure your make-up is non-comeodogenic, which means non-pore-clogging. I recommend green clay for people prone to blackheads. If blackheads are not a frequent problem then you may prefer to use yellow clay.

Puffy Eyes
Puffy eyes can be a real problem. They are generally worse in the morning and can be aggravated by sinus/allergy trouble. Fluids become trapped in the delicate eye tissues and swell. A cool compress with oils of either chamomile, lavender or neroli will assist with reducing the puffiness. If blocked sinuses is the problem apply a clay poultice over the sinuses located under the cheeks with 2 drops of niaouli added, use approx. 2cm deep clay poultice and leave for 30 mins, to keep the clay active spritz the face with rose water. If the puffiness is not sinus related I would use white, red or pink clay with no essential oils. If the skin is at all dry apply a very fine layer of jojoba under the eyes before apply a thin layer of clay.
Very Ruddy Cheeks
People with fairly thin skin often suffer from extreme ruddiness, particularly on the cheeks and sometimes the nose, chin and forehead. While some ruddiness is fairly normal, the cases we are discussing here are generally very noticeable and can’t be covered with foundation.
Essential oils of chamomile german, carrot seed, rose otto and neroli will help reduce redness and improve the tone of your skin. The reduction in redness and soothing properties of these gentle essential oils will help smooth your skin and improve the overall appearance of your complexion.
Puffy Eyes/Fine Lines Around the Eyes
Fine lines and craepiness in the eye area is very difficult to disguise. The use of carrot seed oil, frankincense and neroli in a base of jojoba or rosehip oil help tighten and firm this delicate skin. It should be sparingly applied on the bone around the eye (all the way around) and gently patted in. Allow it to dry and continue with your regular skincare routine. Red clay is recommended for the eye area.

Very Dark Under eye Circles (Even when I Get Enough Rest)
Finally, dark shadows can be improved. Dark under eye shadows are often caused by thinning skin under the eyes. Because there is no bone directly supporting this skin and it is so delicate it often darkens as you age. This area is also often overworked by applying and removing eye make-up, rubbing irritated eyes and allergies. This can make the shadows appear worse. Essential oils of carrot seed, lavender and rosemary (in minute quantities) borage seed oil and shea butter may also help. As this area is associated with the Kidneys I suggest drinking plenty of water and health promoting beverages – juices etc and avoid alcohol, tea, coffee and other caffeine products. Red clay is recommended for the eye area.

Element 2.5 Conduct and record an abbreviated consultation

⦁ Record all information received from massage recipient
⦁ Present consultation chart to massage recipient to sign.
⦁ Record essential oils selected
⦁ After treatment record any post massage information.
⦁ Securely store consultation chart.

Element 3.5 Analyse and record essential oils suitable for various skin care products.

Perform a consultation with each of your face massage practical. Design an essential oil blend, which address their specific skin care needs.

⦁ Cleanser 60 mls use a 1,25% concentration i.e.15 drops
⦁ Toner 60 mls use a 0.5% concentration i.e.3 drops
⦁ Moisturiser 30 gms use a 2.5% i.e. 30 drops

Element 4.5 Locate and label the following muscles and bones of the face & neck

⦁ Orbicularis oculi
⦁ Zygomaticus major
⦁ Buccinator
⦁ Platysma
Bones of the Face & Neck
⦁ Mandible
⦁ Zygomatic
⦁ Maxillia